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Fig. 3. Cornuside inhibited the production of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in high glucose-treated MMCs.
ELISA was conducted to determine the secretions of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in high glucose-induced MMCs after different doses of cornuside treatment (0, 5, 10, and 30 μM). Values are presented as mean ± SD. MMCs, mesangial cells; IL, interleukin; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2023;27:513-520
© Korean J Physiol Pharmacol