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Fig. 2. Effect of GPC on lipid accumulation and lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. (A) Representative photomicrographs show lipid accumulation in the cell treated with GPC. 3T3-L1 cells were induced to differentiate with adipogenic cocktail containing IBMX, dexamethasone and insulin (MDI) in the presence or absence of GPC, PPC or AMPL. Lipid accumulation was visualized with Oil Red O staining. Scale = 100 μm (B) Intracellular lipid content in differentiated adipocytes concomitantly treated with different compounds was quantified by elution of Oil Red O stain. ***p < 0.001 vs. MDI. (C) Differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated for 3 h in the absence of presence of GPC, PPC or AMPL. Lipolysis was quantified by glycerol release in incubation medium. Isoproterenol (Isop) was used as a positive control. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 vs. non-treated cells. GPC, glycerophosphocholine; PPC, phosphatidylcholine; AMPL, aminophylline.
Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2021;25:333-339 https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2021.25.4.333
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