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Fig. 4.

Effects of the regulation of microtubules and autophagy on the proliferation and viability in PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs.

Serum-starved VSMCs were incubated with 1 µM paclitaxel, 0.2 µM vinorelbine, 5 mM 3-MA (autophagy inhibitor), or 0.2 µM rapamycin (autophagy stimulator) for 24 h followed by 25 ng/ml PDGF-BB treatment for 48 h. Microtubule-regulated and PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs viability and proliferation by autophagy regulation were determined using the cell counting assay (A, B) and MTT assay (C, D). Data are expressed as means±SEM (n=3). *p<0.05, **p<0.01 vs. the indicated group.

Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2018;22:349-360 https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2018.22.3.349
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