Anti-inflammatory and utero-relaxant effect of α-bisabolol on the pregnant human uterus
Victor Manuel Muñoz-Pérez1, Mario I. Ortiz1,*, Héctor A. Ponce-Monter1, Vicente Monter-Pérez2, and Guillermo Barragán-Ramírez2
1Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México, 2Hospital General de los SSH, Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro anti-inflammatory and utero-relaxant effect of α-bisabolol on the pregnant human myometrium. Samples from the pregnant human myometrium were used in functional tests to evaluate the inhibitory effect of α-bisabolol (560, 860, 1,200 and 1,860 µM) on spontaneous myometrial contractions. The intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels generated in response to α-bisabolol in human myometrial homogenates were measured by ELISA. The anti-inflammatory effect of α-bisabolol was determined through the measurement of two pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin (IL)-1β, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, in pregnant human myometrial explants stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Forskolin was used as a positive control to evaluate the cAMP and cytokine levels. α-Bisabolol was found to induce a significant inhibition of spontaneous myometrial contractions at the highest concentration level (p<0.05). α-Bisabolol caused a concentration-dependent decrease in myometrial cAMP levels (p<0.05) and a concentration-dependent decrease in LPS-induced TNFα and IL-1β production, while IL-10 production did not increase significantly (p>0.05). The anti-inflammatory and utero-relaxant effects induced by α-bisabolol were not associated with an increase in cAMP levels in pregnant human myometrial samples. These properties place α-bisabolol as a potentially safe and effective adjuvant agent in cases of preterm birth, an area of pharmacological treatment that requires urgent improvement.