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Original Article

Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2014; 18(4): 341-346

Published online August 30, 2014 https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.4.341

Copyright © The Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology.

Effects of Lubiprostone on Pacemaker Activity of Interstitial Cells of Cajal from the Mouse Colon

Han-Yi Jiao1,*, Dong Hyun Kim2,*, Jung Suk Ki1, Kwon Ho Ryu1, Seok Choi1, and Jae Yeoul Jun1

Departments of 1Physiology, 2Radiology, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Korea

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Lubiprostone is a chloride (Cl−) channel activator derived from prostaglandin E1 and used for managing constipation. In addition, lubiprostone affects the activity of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are pacemaker cells that generate slow-wave activity in smooth muscles. We studied the effects of lubiprostone on the pacemaker potentials of colonic ICCs. We used the whole-cell patch-clamp technique to determine the pacemaker activity in cultured colonic ICCs obtained from mice. Lubiprostone hyperpolarized the membrane and inhibited the generation of pacemaker potentials. Prostanoid EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4 antagonists (SC-19220, PF-04418948, 6-methoxypyridine-2-boronc acid N-phenyldiethanolamine ester, and GW627368, respectively) did not block the response to lubiprostone. L-NG-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase) and 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase) did not block the response to lubiprostone. In addition, tetraethylammonium (TEA, a voltage-dependent potassium [K+] channel blocker) and apamin (a calcium [Ca2+]-dependent K+ channel blocker) did not block the response to lubiprostone. However, glibenclamide (an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker) blocked the response to lubiprostone. Similar to lubiprostone, pinacidil (an opener of ATP-sensitive K+ channel) hyperpolarized the membrane and inhibited the generation of pacemaker potentials, and these effects were inhibited by glibenclamide. These results suggest that lubiprostone can modulate the pacemaker potentials of colonic ICCs via activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channel through a prostanoid EP receptor-independent mechanism.

Keywords: Colon, Interstitial cells of Cajal, Lubiprostone, Pacemaker potentials